Geranium, the genus name, comes from the Greek noun geranos, meaning Crane (birds of the group of species known as the Gruidae). www.aztekium.narod.ru, Introduction to the Genus, Pelargonium    Pelargonium for Beginners     Sections of 4, 3. ˝ey are commonly used in hanging baskets and window boxes. Unlike other geraniums, these blooms need soil that is constantly moist and protection from the sun when it is hot outside. Red geranium leaves can be a symptom of minor problems, such as over or under watering, nutrient decencies or … What Does That Mean? They are normally grown in part shade to full sun, in well-draining but moisture retentive soils, rich in humus. species        Rose-scented geranium petals different in shape and/or size from the lower three) ; hypanthium present, (fertile stamens Geraniums will grow in any soil as long as it is not waterlogged. Leaves are shiny (especially later in the season), round to kidney-shaped with 5-7 lobes (that are themselves shallowly lobed) 3. Leaf Venation. Propagation is by semiripe cuttings in summer, by seed, or by division in autumn or spring. The splotches are whi te t o bri ght ye ll ow (Il li nois Natur al Hi story Survey photo). Pelargonium, More on the Meanings of Pelargonium species names, Pelargonium Section Ciconium              Pelargonium  Section Pelargonium                  Leaf clefts or lobes are rounded and shallow giving the leaf an overall round shape. and Yellow-Flowered Geraniums, The Others. Te specific epithet sanguineumcomes from the Latin sanguineus, meaning blood; it is a reference to the colour not of the flowers but of their stalks and seed capsules, which turn bright red. viewed as weeds. Two or three species of Erodium are common weeds in the fields of California. Confusingly, "geranium" is also the common name of members of the genus Pelargonium, which are also in the family Geraniaceae and are widely grown as horticultural bedding plants. Spotted wilt on two geranium leaves. Some species have spreading rhizomes. commonly referred to as geraniums or cranesbills. At least several species of Geranium are gynodioecious. [4] Other perennial species grown for their flowers and foliage include: G. argenteum, G. eriostemon, G. farreri, G. nodosum, G. procurrens, G. pylzowianum, G. renardii, G. traversii, G. tuberosum, G. versicolor, G. wallichianum and G. wlassovianum. Stamens 15:  plant They are long-lived and most have a mounding habit, with palmately lobed foliage.  Latin Figu re 6. 21 of the best hardy geraniums Geraniums are easy-to-grow, popular plants and can be found growing in most gardens, regardless of size or situation. Scents include lemon, rose, peppermint, nutmeg and others. These plants are [6], The following hybrid cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit (other cultivars are dealt with under their species name - see above):-[7], Geranium phaeum - from Thomé Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, This article is about the botanical genus called, Genus of flowering plants in the family Geraniaceae, "Prolonged stigma and flower lifespan in females of the gynodioecious plant Geranium sylvaticum", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Ann Folkard' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium × oxonianum 'A.T. 'Jean Byrne', Everything You Wanted to Know About Ivy 'Geraniums' Pelargoniums, Descriptions of Cultivars:       'Clorinda'        'Paton's Uniques'     Sepals (around the base of the flower) are keeled (stick out) with noticeable cross-ribs 4. Leaf shape can be variable. The genus which most of our members grow is called Pelargonium. The genus name is derived from the Greek γέρανος (géranos) or γερανός (geranós) ‘crane’. Geranium swatense. Introduction to Johnson' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Dilys' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Mavis Simpson' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Orion' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium ROZANNE= 'Gerwat' PBR AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Results / RHS Gardening", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geranium&oldid=996512520, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 01:31. Carolina geranium growth habit. Pelargoniums .....................................................................................................................     Erodium, 3. Stamens more than 10 Some of these are not winter-hardy in cold areas and are grown in specialized gardens like rock gardens. They are found throughout the temperate regions of the world and the mountains of the tropics, but mostly in the eastern part of the Mediterranean region. Low-growing annual with small, pink, 5-petaled flowers that grow in pairs on little stems 2. (03/03/14), The Identification of the Genus Pelargonium Monsonia is yet .................................................................................    species, 2019, Central Coast The geranium family consists of several genera of plants and/or landscape. .......................................................................................................................     Pelargonium  Sections Polyactium & Cortusina. Leaf cupping (Pennsylvania State University photo). Preservation Project, Martha Leaves are born on long petioles. 1 &  Part 2, The Pelargonium Meadow Cranesbill plants have a basal rosette of opposite long-stalked leaves above which arise several blunt-edged hairy stems branch occasionally and have short-stalked or stalkless 7- to 9-lobed palmate leaves that are deeply-cut, sharply-toothed and have pointed tips. Geranium maculatum is an herbaceous perennial native to deciduous woodlands of eastern North America, from southern Ontario south to Georgia and west to eastern Oklahoma and the eastern part of the Dakotas in zones 3 to 8. the cactus and succulent growers. However, not all Geranium species are winter-hardy (see below). Figure 3. members grow is called Pelargonium. The geranium family consists of several genera of plants commonly referred to as geraniums or cranesbills. Stan Shebs. The cultivated geraniums of the genus Pelargonium are herbaceous to woody, with thick fleshy leaves varying in shape from round to lobed to deeply cut; the flowers, borne in terminal clusters, vary in colour from white through shades of pink to deep red and violet. Zonal geraniums may also be grouped with fancy-leaved geraniums. Apr 11, 2013 - Geranium Leaf Epidermal Tissue: Epidermal Hairs, Stomata, Guard Cells Pelargonium: Photogallery of the Regal Pelargonium 'Distinction' (Fancy Leaf Geranium) A variety of most handsome foliage, Pelargonium 'Distinction' (Fancy Leaf Geranium) is a compact, evergreen, tender perennial with ruffled, dark green leaves adorned with a neat narrow ring of jet black near the edges. Flowers regular (all petals more of less Family, The Identification of the Genus Pelargonium, hotogallery of the Regal home in southern California where we also enjoy a Mediterranean climate. Geranium renardii With some of the loveliest foliage of all hardy geraniums, each broad lobed greyish leaf has the soft texture of sage foliage. in diameter. in the geranium family. (Near towns, cultivars from gardens are more common than wild plants.) The genus Geranium contains more than 420 plant species, which are also known as cranesbill or hardy geranium (to distinguish them from Pelargonium species). These are plants primarily of temperate areas and are now frequently referred to as hardy geraniums. Sarcocaulon (sometimes included in the genus Monsonia) are succulent species More on the Meanings of Pelargonium species names These leaves feature the same zones or bands of color but with more intensely pronounced hues, including burgundy, white and yellow. Spotted Wilt This rare disease Geranium, 4. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Geranium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ©G.A. It is a reference to the beak-like fruit (seed capsule) which is reminiscent of the long beak of a Crane. Factsheet 16/13 (HDC project HNS 178) 1. Leaves form a basal rosette when plants are young. Many have deeply lobed leaves. Cooper. They are found in the deserts of southern Africa. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . A new cultivar Pelargonium x hortorum Other Zonal Pelargoniums- 2. ......................................................................    Monsonia, 4. Stems are reddish and not hairy, up to 20 inches tall 5. The English name ‘cranesbill’ derives from the appearance of the fruit capsule of some of the species. are still called                                              "geraniums" by most gardeners and nurseries. These are plants primarily of temperate areas and are now Geranium. The palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. Geophytes         [1][2][3] The species Geranium viscosissimum (sticky geranium) is considered to be protocarnivorous. Scented-Leafed Geraniums(Geraniumspp.) Figure 2. Preservation Project, Zonartic Pelargoniums another genus in the geranium family. Family. Species in the genus Geranium have a distinctive mechanism for seed dispersal. ** Sarcocaulon image from herbaceous; stems not spiny    Other former members of the genus are now classified in Erodium, including the plants known as filarees in North America. Erodium is Plant Identification Learning Module: Flowers and Foliage Geranium (Pelargonium x hortorum) Geraniums are popular annual garden plants which are upright, round, and grow one to two feet in height. the same in shape and size);  no hypanthium .............     Stamens 10 or fewer   The fruit capsule consists of five cells, each containing one seed, joined to a column produced from the centre of the old flower. 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