It is located in the middle of the Romanian Plain, on the bank of the Dâmbovița River, a branch of the Danube River. add example. it 1871 - Roma diventa capitale d'Italia. Romania, country of southeastern Europe. [114], The united armies of the Holy League expelled the Ottoman troops from Central Europe between 1684 and 1699, and the Principality of Transylvania was integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy. [51][56], The Goths were expanding towards the Lower Danube from the 230s, forcing the native peoples to flee to the Roman Empire or to accept their suzerainty. The national capital is Bucharest. The new state, officially named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. Many other lakes and gardens dot the city. [478] Other Romanian athletes who collected five gold medals like Comăneci are rowers Elisabeta Lipa (1984-2004) and Georgeta Damian (2000-2008). [311] It has one of the largest refining capacities in Eastern Europe, even though oil and natural gas production has been decreasing for more than a decade. [244] The country had a had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 5.95/10, ranking it 90th globally out of 172 countries. Bucharest is the capital of Romania. [154] The General Congress of Bukovina proclaimed the union of the province with Romania on 28 November 1918, and the Grand National Assembly proclaimed the union of Transylvania, Banat, Crișana and Maramureș with the kingdom on 1 December. [249], Owing to its distance from open sea and its position on the southeastern portion of the European continent, Romania has a climate that is temperate and continental, with four distinct seasons. [41][44], The Romans reached Dacia during Burebista's reign and conquered Dobruja in 46 AD. In 2006, according to the Romanian Statistics Office, GDP growth in real terms was recorded at 7.7%, one of the highest rates in Europe. [112] Although the rulers of the three principalities continued to pay tribute to the Ottomans, the most talented princes—Gabriel Bethlen of Transylvania, Matei Basarab of Wallachia, and Vasile Lupu of Moldavia—strengthened their autonomy. [106] Transylvania and Maramureș, along with the rest of Banat and Crișana developed into a new state under Ottoman suzerainty, the Principality of Transylvania. Amongst countries who have never hosted the event themselves, they are second in the total number of medals earned. There is also a semi-legal, informal private tutoring system used mostly during secondary school, which prospered during the Communist regime. Independence proclaimed on 9 May 1877, internationally recognised in 1878. [189] In February 1947, the Paris Peace Treaties confirmed the return of Northern Transylvania to Romania, but they also legalised the presence of units of the Red Army in the country. [467] The men's team won the handball world championship in 1961, 1964, 1970, 1974 making them the third most successful nation ever in the tournament. [117] The Orthodox Church was restored in Transylvania only after Orthodox monks stirred up revolts in 1744 and 1759. [310] In 2015, the main sources were coal (28%), hydroelectric (30%), nuclear (18%), and hydrocarbons (14%). Bucharest is the capital of Romania. [100] A local dynasty ruled the Despotate of Dobruja in the second half of the 14th century, but the Ottoman Empire took possession of the territory after 1388. Paraic O'Brien Correspondent. [362] For example, in 1990, 96,919 Romanians permanently settled abroad. During the Ottoman rule, Bucharest flourished as the primary economic center in Wallachia. Cine sunt următorii în Top 5", "Miodrag Belodedici: the fugitive libero who conquered Europe twice | Jonathan Wilson", "What happened to Helmuth Duckadam? No visit to Bucharest is ever complete without visiting these famous attractions! Here, the President of Romania serves as the country’s head of state. [203]) It was the only Communist state to maintain diplomatic relations with Israel after 1967's Six-Day War and established diplomatic relations with West Germany the same year. Romania in the interwar period, following the, Monarchy was abolished on 30 December 1947 upon the proclamation of the, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 18:53. [119], Princes Dimitrie Cantemir of Moldavia and Constantin Brâncoveanu of Wallachia concluded alliances with the Habsburg Monarchy and Russia against the Ottomans, but they were dethroned in 1711 and 1714, respectively. Also Virginia Ruzici won the French Open in 1978, and was runner-up in 1980, Simona Halep won the French Open in 2018 and Wimbledon in 2019 after losing her first three Grand Slam finals. Antonyms for capital of Romania. Deputații au adoptat noua Lege Electorală propusă de USL", "Post-Accession (Anti-)Corruption Record in Romania and Bulgaria", "Foreign Policy Priorities of Romania for 2008", "Romania's Schengen Accession in Jeopardy Over Rule of Law", "Background Note: Romania – U.S.-Romanian Relations", "Bucharest Herald Resources & Information", "Romania'S Relations with the Republic of Moldova", "Rediscovering History, Rediscovering Ultimate Truth", "Moldova, Romania open new chapter in bilateral relations", "Romania Finally Settles On Portuguese F-16s", "PICTURES: Romania accepts first C-27J Spartans-12/04/2010-London", "Romania: 2 soldiers killed, 1 injured in Afghanistan", "Joint Press Conference of the President of Romania Klaus Iohannis and US President Donald Trump, Rose Garden, White House – Embassy of Romania to the United States of America", "Romania To Send 450 More Troops To Afghanistan", "Romania ends combat mission in Afghanistan with visit from Prime Minister", "Romania ratifies US missile shield agreement", "Hierarchical list of the Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics – NUTS and the Statistical regions of Europe", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "Romania to Get Next Installment of Bailout", "GDP per capita, PPP (current international $) – Romania", "Net average wage in Romania slows down to real 4.8% annual rise", "Eurostat, HICP – monthly data (12-month average rate of change)", "In January 2017, the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate was estimated at 5.4%", Industrial production up by 0.4% in euro area and EU27|Eurostat, "Top 20 companies in Romania by turnover", "IMF World Economic Outlook Database, April 2011 – Central and Eastern Europe", "Romania - share of economic sectors in the gross domestic product 2018", https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Farmers_in_the_EU_-_statistics, "FDI stock in Romania approaches EUR 84 bln", "Banca Naţională a României – "The History of the Romanian Leu" Exhibition", "Romania External Debt 2004–2020 Monthly USD mn CEIC Data", "Country Comparison-Electricity Consumptiom", "Planul Naţional de Acţiune în Domeniul Energiei din Surse Regenerabile (PNAER)", "Economic Insights – Trends and Challenges Vol.IV(LXVII) No. 1. national capital and largest city of Romania in southeastern Romania Familiarity information: CAPITAL OF ROMANIA used as a noun is very rare. Beneath the streets of Romania’s capital, a living hell. [57] The Council of Preslav declared Old Church Slavonic the language of liturgy in the First Bulgarian Empire in 893. Ce strategie ar trebui să aplice! [218][219], Nevertheless, there have been efforts to tackle corruption. Modern Romania was formed in 1859 through a personal union of the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. Most Wallachian and Moldavian princes paid a regular tribute to the Ottoman sultans from 1417 and 1456, respectively. [d][351] The Roma minority is usually underestimated in census data and may represent up to 10% of the population. The Armed Forces consist of approximately 15,000 civilians and 75,000 military personnel—45,800 for land, 13,250 for air, 6,800 for naval forces, and 8,800 in other fields. [57][61] The Gepids took possession of the former Dacia province. [227] Worsening economic conditions led to unrest and triggered a political crisis in 2012. In 1659, it became the capital of the region. The largest ethnic minorities are the Hungarians, 6.1% of the population, and the Roma, 3.0% of the population. Bucharest is the capital of Romania. Mostra le traduzioni generate algoritmicamente. WikiMatrix. [165][166] With oil production of 5.8 million tons in 1930, Romania ranked sixth in the world. [251] Precipitation is average, with over 750 mm (30 in) per year only on the highest western mountains, while around Bucharest it drops to approximately 570 mm (22 in). [291] Unemployment in Romania was at 4.3% in August 2018, which is low compared to other EU countries. The largest Genoese colonies in present-day Romania were Calafat (still known as such), Constanța (Costanza), Galați (Caladda), Giurgiu (San Giorgio), Licostomo and Vicina (unknown modern location). [425], Romanian cuisine has been influenced by Austrian and German cuisine (especially in the historical regions that had been formerly administered by the Habsburg Monarchy), but also shares some similarities with other cuisines in the Balkan region such as the Greek, Bulgarian, or Serbian cuisine. Following the exit of the Ottomans, Bucharest was occupied by different powers like the Habsburg Monarchy and Imperial Russia for short periods. [228], Romania still faces problems related to infrastructure,[229] medical services,[230] education,[231] and corruption. [10] It has a predominantly temperate-continental climate. From the remaining population, 195,569 people belong to other Christian denominations or have another religion, which includes 64,337 Muslims (mostly of Turkish and Tatar ethnicity) and 3,519 Jewish (Jews once constituted 4% of the Romanian population—728,115 persons in the 1930 census). [224], The total fertility rate (TFR) in 2018 was estimated at 1.36 children born per woman, which is below the replacement rate of 2.1, and one of the lowest in the world,[355] it remains considerably below the high of 5.82 children born per woman in 1912. The city continued to serve as the capital of Romania even after the fall of the Communist regime and the establishment of the democratic republic of Romania. [26], The use of the name Romania to refer to the common homeland of all Romanians—its modern-day meaning—was first documented in the early 19th century.[c][27]. Title or address of an unmarried Italian lady. [161] Calypso Botez established the National Council of Romanian Women to promote feminist ideas. [268], The Romanian Armed Forces consist of land, air, and naval forces led by a Commander-in-chief under the supervision of the Ministry of National Defence, and by the president as the Supreme Commander during wartime. [300], According to a 2019 World Bank report, Romania ranks 52nd out of 190 economies in the ease of doing business, one place higher than neighbouring Hungary and one place lower than Italy. Approximately 25.8% of the Romanian workforce is employed in agriculture, one of the highest rates in Europe. Ciprian Manolescu managed to write a perfect paper (42 points) for a gold medal more times than anybody else in the history of the competition, in 1995, 1996 and 1997. [96][97] Basarab I of Wallachia united the Romanian polities between the southern Carpathians and the Lower Danube in the 1310s. [107] Reformation spread and four denominations—Calvinism, Lutheranism, Unitarianism, and Roman Catholicism—were officially acknowledged in 1568. [106], The Kingdom of Hungary collapsed, and the Ottomans occupied parts of Banat and Crișana in 1541. [3] Bucharest is the capital and the largest city in Romania, with a population of over 1.8 million in 2011. Economic growth accelerated in the midst of government liberalisations in opening up new sectors to competition and investment—most notably, energy and telecoms. The post–1989 period is also characterised by the fact that most of the former industrial and economic enterprises which were built and operated during the Communist period were closed, mainly as a result of the policies of privatisation of the post–1989 regimes. [151] After they promised Austrian-Hungarian territories with a majority of ethnic Romanian population to Romania in the Treaty of Bucharest, Romania entered the war against the Central Powers in 1916. [238] There are almost 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) (about 5% of the total area) of protected areas in Romania covering 13 national parks and three biosphere reserves. [400] The country also has a coastline on the Black Sea to the south-east. Dictionary entry overview: What does capital of Romania mean? The capital city has an area of 228 square km and a population of 1,883,425 individuals. [467] Romania reached the Davis Cup finals three times in 1969, 1971 and 1972. The city once more entered into a period of rapid growth. [255][256], The justice system is independent of the other branches of government and is made up of a hierarchical system of courts with the High Court of Cassation and Justice being the supreme court of Romania. [130] Taking advantage of the Greek War of Independence, a Wallachian lesser nobleman, Tudor Vladimirescu, stirred up a revolt against the Ottomans in January 1821, but he was murdered in June by Phanariot Greeks. [53] The Romans could not resist, and Emperor Aurelian ordered the evacuation of the province Dacia Trajana in 271. Many beautiful structures were built in Bucharest during this kingdom’s rule. Romania derives from the Latin romanus, meaning "citizen of Rome". [67] After the Avar Khaganate collapsed in the 790s, Bulgaria became the dominant power of the region, occupying lands as far as the river Tisa. [200] Nevertheless, anti-Communist resistance was one of the most long-lasting in the Eastern Bloc. And in doubles Horia Tecău won three Grand Slams and the ATP Finals final. [159] A new electoral system granted voting rights to all adult male citizens, and a series of radical agrarian reforms transformed the country into a "nation of small landowners" between 1918 and 1921. Consiliul National pentru Studierea Ahivelor Securității, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, [Champions League: Once feared across Europe, Chelsea opponents Steaua Bucharest went the way of the Wall], United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia, their invasion of Eastern and Central Europe, plea for the Transylvanian Romanians' emancipation, the union of Transylvania, Banat, Crișana and Maramureș with the kingdom, cede Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union, King Michael I ordered Antonescu's arrest, movement for unification of Romania and Moldova, Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics, sixteen international commercial airports, villages with fortified churches in Transylvania, Sculptural Ensemble of Constantin Brâncuși at Târgu Jiu, List of Romanian inventors and discoverers, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, world's third-largest Eastern Orthodox population, "International Association for Official Statistics", "Reservations and Declarations for Treaty No.148 – European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages", "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2020", "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income – EU-SILC survey", "The Story of the Romanian Royal Family – a Journey into the Past", "Romania during the period of neutrality", "One of the poorest countries in the EU could be its next tech-startup hub", "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2019", "How the State Shaped the Nation: an Essay on the Making of the Romanian Nation", Google Ngrams for Romania, Rumania, and Roumania, "Antiquity Vol 79 No 306 December 2005 The earliest salt production in the world: an early Neolithic exploitation in Poiana Slatinei-Lunca, Romania Olivier Weller & Gheorghe Dumitroaia", "A Lost European Culture, Pulled From Obscurity", International Commission on the Holocaust in Romania, "Executive Summary: Historical Findings and Recommendations", "Romania: Country studies – Chapter 1.7.1 "Petru Groza's Premiership, "Romania – Country Background and Profile", "Romania's Policy of Autonomy in the Context of the Sino-Soviet Conflict", Raportul Comisiei Prezidențiale pentru Analiza Dictaturii Comuniste din România, "Romania: Soviet Union and Eastern Europe", "Middle East policies in Communist Romania", "New Evidence on Romania and the Warsaw Pact, 1955–1989", "Institutul de Investigare a Crimelor Comunismului si Memoria Exilului Romanesc", "Evolution in Europe; Romanian miners invade Bucharest", Presa internationala despre alegerile din Romania: Traian Basescu a castigat la limita; Romanii au mici sperante sa se dezghete ajutorul de la FMI – International, "Romania profile – Leaders – BBC News-GB", "Deindustrialization and Urban Shrinkage in Romania. A small artificial lake called the Lake Cișmigiu is located in the center of the roughly round-shaped city. [353] As of 2009[update], there were also approximately 133,000 immigrants living in Romania, primarily from Moldova and China. What Lessons for the Spatial Policy? [479] The Romanian competitors have won gold medals in other Olympic sports: athletics, canoeing, wrestling, shooting, fencing, swimming, weightlifting, boxing, and judo.[480]. [120] The sultans lost confidence in the native princes and appointed Orthodox merchants from the Phanar district of Istanbul to rule Moldova and Wallachia. It is a semi-presidential republic where executive functions are held by both the government and the president. International airlines from various European countries have direct flights to Bucharest several times a day. Human remains found in Peștera cu Oase ("Cave with Bones"), radiocarbon dated as being from circa 40,000 years ago, represent the oldest known Homo sapiens in Europe. "Romanian film "Child's Pose" wins Berlin Golden Bear", "Report on the Nominations from Luxembourg and Romania for the European Capital of Culture 2007", "Muzeul National Peles | Site-ul oficial al castelelor Peles si Pelisor", "Traditii si obiceiuri romanesti. 4/2015 37 – 44Romanian Oil Industry Decline", "Romania Expects to be Energy Independent Despite Ukraine Crisis", "Contractul pentru unitatile 3 si 4 de la centrala nucleara Cernavoda se va parafa in mai. [101], Princes Mircea I and Vlad III of Wallachia, and Stephen III of Moldavia defended their countries' independence against the Ottomans. According to historical accounts, the city started as a fortress built by Vlad III, the prince of Wallachia to keep away the Turkish forces from his kingdom. [289] Romania's net average monthly wage increased to 666 euro as of 2020,[290] and an inflation rate of −1.1% in 2016. Highest in the total number of letters in the 2011 military intervention in Libya [ 116 ] Council! 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