Polyvinyl chloride, better known as PVC or vinyl, is an inexpensive plastic so versatile it has become completely pervasive in modern society.The list of products made from PVC is exhaustive, ranging from phonograph records to drainage and potable piping, water bottles, cling film, credit cards and toys. Breathing high levels of vinyl chloride for short periods of time can cause dizziness, sleepiness, unconsciousness, and at extremely high levels can cause death. Development of oral cancer tissue-mimicking phantom based on polyvinyl chloride plastisol and graphite for terahertz frequencies Tianmiao Zhang , a, b, * Ravshanjon Nazarov , a Alexey P. Popov , c Petr S. Demchenko , a Alexander V. Bykov , c Roman O. Grigorev , a Anna V. Kuzikova , a Victoria Y. Soboleva , a Dmitry V. Zykov , a Igor V. Meglinski , c, d, e and Mikhail K. Khodzitskiy a About … In addition to reports that pertained to these cohorts in their entirety, several studies reported findings from individual It is in such widespread usage due to its strength and resistance to sunlight, oil and chemicals, weathering and fire. Vinyl chloride exists in liquid form if it is kept under high pressure or at low temperatures (less than -13.4�C). Please visit topics related to environmental health, safety, and toxicology on MedlinePlus, the NLM’s flagship website for health information for patients, families, and the general public.. Exposure to vinyl chloride occurs mainly in the workplace. Appendix B. Chemical-specific summaries of the information used to derive unit risk and cancer potency values. Unfortunately, PVC can also harm people's health. CNC Machining: Polyvinyl Chloride can be cut on a CNC machine but any machinist who has tried has probably experienced degradation in the cutter depending on the material it is made from. Cancer in Humans Vinyl chloride was evaluated in previous IARC Monographs (IARC, 1979 , 1987 2008) and ... polyvinyl chloride or poly-vinyl chloride products. The results of a follow up study of the incidence of cancer and the mortality in a cohort of 454 male workers producing vinyl chloride and polyvinyl chloride are presented. Learn more about PVC in this article. Polyvinyl chloride, (IUPAC Polychloroethene) commonly abbreviated PVC, is a widely used thermoplastic polymer. Work ers employed in PVC plants are at high risk with respect to PVC-induced lung disease. It is flammable (burns easily) as a gas and is not stable at high temperatures. Belongs to the Following … (Polyvinyl Chloride contains less than 1% by weight)** Vinyl Chloride Monomer is an OSHA cancer suspect agent, ACGIH confirmed human carcinogen, and NTP and IARC human carcinogen. One type of brain cancer is glioblastoma multiforme, a grade IV astroyctoma. PVC, or Polyvinyl Chloride, is a type of plastic used in millions of everyday items such as pipes, toys, carpet backing, bottles and credit cards. Exposure to polyvinyl chloride dust was associated with an increased incidence of lung tumours in one study; the authors suggested that trapped vinyl chloride monomer was responsible [ref: 30]. Two of Polyvinyl Chloride s impurities are listed as carcinogens. Vinyl chloride, a chemical known to cause cancer, poisons the air breathed by workers and people living in contaminated communities. Breathing vinyl chloride for long periods of time can result in permanent liver damage, immune reactions, nerve damage, and liver cancer. Cancer is a major concern from exposure to vinyl chloride via inhalation, as vinyl chloride exposure has been shown to increase the risk of a rare form of liver cancer in humans. The Tox Town website was discontinued as of October 1, 2020. Polyvinyl chloride is more often referred to by its less-technical names, PVC and vinyl. Around the world, over 50% of PVC manufactured is used in construction. PVC is used in an enormous range of domestic and industrial products, from raincoats and shower curtains to window frames and indoor plumbing. Angiosarcoma of the Liver Among Polyvinyl Chloride Workers -- Kentucky. Most often used in construction, PVC is a plastic composed of three elements: carbon, hydrogen and chlorine. Uses [of PolyVinyl Chloride] Air Toxics Hot Spots Program Technical Support Document for Cancer Potencies. PVC is very corrosive and abrasive and cutters that are not made from stainless steel or a comparably corrosive resistant material are likely to deteriorate over time. Chloroethene, Chloroethylene, Ethylene monochloride, Monochloroethene, Monochloroethylene, VC, VCM, Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) Colorless gas or liquid (below 7°F) with a pleasant odor at high concentrations. Vinyl chloride is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Polyvinyl chloride, also known as PVC or vinyl, is a synthetic resin produced from the polymerization of vinyl chloride.It is an odorless and solid plastic and can come in the form of white powder or pellets. Results: In PVC baggers exposed to high levels of respirable PVC particles in the workplace, the lung cancer OR increases by 20% for each extra year of work (OR = 1.2003; 95% CI 1.0772 to 1.3469; p = 0.0010), when the influence of age and smoking habits is controlled. Polyvinyl chloride – also known as PVC or vinyl – has become an intrinsic part of our lives ever since the early-mid 20th century. OEHHA 2009. Studies have linked several health problems, including liver cancer… In terms of revenue generated, it is one of the most valuable products of the chemical industry. CANCER-SUSPECT AGENT IN THIS AREA. The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) also offers related resources that may be of interest: ; Anything that may cause a normal body cell to develop abnormally potentially can cause cancer; general categories of cancer-related or causative agents are as follows: chemical or toxic compound exposures, ionizing radiation, some pathogens, and human genetics. Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H 2 C=CHCl that is also called vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) or chloroethene.This colorless compound is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC). PVC was discovered accidentally in the early 19 th century when the polymer appeared as a white solid inside sunlight-exposed flasks of vinyl chloride. Melanoma occurred in excess in one study [ref: 12] but has not been mentioned in others. 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