in reported speech: We might win a prize but I doubt it. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654189' }}, dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, This is because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Direct, Indirect Speech with Optative Sentences. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); 'increment': 0.5, Reported speech: She said (that) she would come another time. if(!isPlusPopupShown()) { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); } iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_british-grammar"); 4. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}]; Reported Speech: Whenever you are quoting someone else’s words, you use two kinds of speeches – Direct or Indirect speech. "login": { {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, var pbTabletSlots = [ googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "british-grammar"); expires: 60 dfpSlots['contentslot_1'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/mpuslot', [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid'], 'ad_contentslot_1').defineSizeMapping(mapping_contentslot).setTargeting('cdo_si', '1').setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, Ví dụ: Hoa said,”I want to go home” -> Hoa said she wanted to go home là câu gián tiếp (indirect speech) II. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448835' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 50] }}, googletag.enableServices(); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 250] }}, var pbMobileHrSlots = [ name: "_pubcid", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); Read the following examples: Direct Speech Indirect Speech; CAN changes into COULD. if(pl_p) { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, },{ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, 'cap': true We don’t use don’t, doesn’t, didn’t with shall: We shan’t know the result of the tests till Tuesday. (note: may becomes could when it … { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); Because of the change of person, shall often becomes should in indirect speech. English Reported Speech, Definition and Example Sentences. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, Online exercises Reported speech - indirect speech, questions and negative sentences. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, "What time does the train arrive?" { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [300, 250] }}, Present Perfect. direct speech reported speech; She said, "I saw Mary yesterday." { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/shall"); The good news is I shall be able to join you at your meeting next week. Is this direct speech to indirect speech sentence correct?Tom said, "Shall I study English? googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en-us"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, Direct: The boy said, “May I come in?” Indirect: The boy asked if he could come in. 'max': 30, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, What is Narration?.Narration is the act of reporting the words of speaker. He said that his mother was there. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, type: "html5", }); var pbDesktopSlots = [ { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, The policeman asked the boy where he lived. Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, 'min': 31, params: { { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448835' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [336, 280] }}, She said she had seen Mary the day before. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, We also may need to change words like ‘my’ and ‘our’. },{ { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, Direct speech: He said, ‘It would be nice if I could see you again.’ Indirect speech: He said that it would be nice if he could see me again. googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776340', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446385' }}, Tense Changes in Reported Speech These modal verbs do not change in reported speech: might, could, would, should, ought to: We explained, "It could be difficult to find our house." Simple present Present progressive Present perfect (Progressive) Past progressive. dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, storage: { name: "identityLink", 1.Come is changed to go if there is some word given after come that shows nearness.. 2. bidderSequence: "fixed" { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971069', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, shall (future time) -> would shall (offers, suggestions)-> should Direct: She said, “I shall need more money.” addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776338', position: 'btf' }}, ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971068', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Will be V-ing. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, = We explained that it could be difficult to find our house. = She said that she might bring a friend to the party. Use of Conjunction “that” The conjunction “that” is placed between reported and reporting speech, … { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [300, 250] }}, dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); Verb patterns: verb + infinitive or verb + -. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_flex' }}, dfpSlots['contentslot_2'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/mpuslot', [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid'], 'ad_contentslot_2').defineSizeMapping(mapping_contentslot).setTargeting('cdo_si', '2').setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, The President said he might come. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [336, 280] }}, Adverbs and adverb phrases: typical errors, Adjectives and adjective phrases: typical errors, Conjunctions: causes, reasons, results and purpose, Relative clauses referring to a whole sentence, Relative clauses: defining and non-defining, Nationalities, languages, countries and regions, types of English (formal, informal, etc. These meaning is the same, but the grammar is different. iasLog("exclusion label : mcp"); Detailed Expressions with English Modals Table and Example Sentences. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, type: "cookie", const customGranularity = { { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, "authorizationTimeout": 10000 bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448836' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); Thank you. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, He said: "My mother is here." { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, enableSendAllBids: false, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, 3. The verb shall derives from Old English sceal.Its cognates in other Germanic languages include Old Norse skal, German soll, and Dutch zal; these all represent *skol-, the o-grade of Indo-European *skel-.All of these verbs function as auxiliaries, representing either simple futurity, or necessity or obligation.. Modal Verbs In Reported Speech Exercises – Modals Exercises PDF When there is a modal verb in the original statement, suggestion, etc., this sometimes changes when we report what was said. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, var pbMobileLrSlots = [ { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971068', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971070', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, We use should, not shall, for advice and suggestions: In my opinion, we should book another hotel. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, var mapping_contentslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, Past perfect Will/Shall (Simple future) Be going to. Shall comes first in the verb phrase (after the subject and before another verb). pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, We use shall I and shall we to make offers and suggestions, and to ask for advice. var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); Not: The new business cards shall be ready at the end of the month. The exact words of the speaker given within the inverted commas are ‘Reported Speech’. Indirect Speech: He … ), Future: other expressions to talk about the future, Future: present continuous to talk about the future (, Future: present simple to talk aboutthe future (, Modality: other modal words and expressions. partner: "uarus31" The Reported Speech is put within Reported (Inverted) Commas. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" The reported speech is introduced by reporting verbs like ask; want to know; wonder; etc. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); You must be tired after your long journey. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776144', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, name: "pubCommonId", The question form, with I and we, is the most common use of shall: Not: Do I shall come round to the office? { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, the question word is used in reported speech as well. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, Must/ Should/ Shouldn't. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, It does not always hold good that we have to change “shall” into “would” in the reported speech. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, Reported speech: He said (that) He would help but…. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [300, 250] }}, Must: Obligation: Logical deduction: Dogs must be kept on a lead. Reported Speech Exercises for Class 10 CBSE With Answers This grammar section explains English Grammar in a clear and simple way. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, It depends on when we heard the direct speech and when we say the reported speech. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } },

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