Most variegated plants have white markings on green leaves, but the Charm variety of begonia has vivid yellow splotches on bright green leaves, giving it a psychedelic effect. With 1,831 species, Begonia is one of the largest genera of flowering plants. In addition, illegal collection and over-harvesting of wild begonias for ornamental or medicinal use has increased due to the rapid development of internet commerce. Peer review under responsibility of Editorial Office of Plant Diversity. Begonia sille- tensissubsp.mengyangensisdiffers from subspe- ciessilletensisby its larger leaves (14–27 3 20–27 cm vs. 10–17 3 10–15 cm) and unequally ridged fruit. Far more often than predicted, these species should be categorized as rare and endangered and require immediate protection. Ex situ conservation of Chinese begonias started in 1995 and over 60% of the total species have been so far introduced into cultivation by several major botanical gardens in China. … Rex begonia leaf, Begonia rex. Although most Begonia species are tropical or subtropical in origin, the Chinese species B. grandis is hardy to USDA hardiness zone 6 and is commonly known as the "hardy begonia". Cymes of greenish-white flowers (each to 3/4") are produced in spring and summer on stems rising above the leaves. The large leaves have dark olive green areas in the center of the leaf and on the leaf margin. Rhizome stout, creeping, 1-2(-2.5) cm thick, to 40 cm long, internodes 1–1.5 cm long, villous near base of petiole. Although most Begonia species are tropical or subtropical in origin, the Chinese species B. grandis is hardy to USDA hardiness zone 6 and is commonly known as the "hardy begonia". Begonia is a genus of perennial flowering plants in the family Begoniaceae. The American Begonia Society classifies begonias into several major groups: For the most part, these groups do not correspond to any formal taxonomic groupings or phylogeny, and many species and hybrids have characteristics of more than one group or do not fit well in any of them. 2002). A woodlander from the mountains of China and Vietnam above 4000’ elevation. It grows from a rhizome and is noted for its extremely showy foliage, rather than its meager floral display. 1998). Foliage species are becoming increasingly desirable for pots and mixed borders. There are 2 suppliers who sells rex begonia on Alibaba.com, mainly located in Asia. Keywords: Begonia arachnoidea; Begonia liuyanii; Begonia subcoriacea; Begonia umbraculifolia; Begonia umbraculifolia var. Country of Origin: southwestern Guangxi, China Habitat: On limestone rocks with abundant leaf litter Description: Monoecious rhizomatous herb. 2012). In addition, some can be propagated from leaf cuttings or even sections of leaves, particularly the members of the rhizomatous and rex groups. The following is a selection of about 70 species, varieties and cultivars which currently hold the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-[6]. The genus name Begonia was coined by Charles Plumier, a French patron of botany, and adopted by Linnaeus in 1753, to honor Michel Bégon, a former governor of the French colony of Saint-Domingue (now Haiti). Laferrière, Joseph E. 1990. Chinese begonias also have amazingly diverse leaf types and colors. Between these two green areas is a wide band of silver. Terrestrial species in the wild are commonly upright-stemmed, rhizomatous, or tuberous. The authors have provided somatic chromosome number and karyotype, detailed morphological descriptions with clear illustrations, leaf anatomy including trichome morphology and ecology of the species. Most begonias can be grown outdoors year-round in subtropical or tropical climates, but in temperate climates, begonias are grown outdoors as annuals, or as house or greenhouse plants. The cultivar 'Kimjongilia' is a floral emblem of North Korea. Stipules eventually … Rex type Begonia x cultorum 'China Curl' leaf detail. Therefore, more conservation-based work remains to be done. Simple, sub-compound, and compound leaves are all found in Chinese begonias (Fig. Agardh. Although the conservation status for the majority of species has been evaluated using the standards of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the results don't represent the truth in many species, and also about 11.5% of which are data-absent. There are about 150 species in China, classified into nine sections (Shui et al. A, Habit and habitat; B, Habit, at anthesis; C, Leaf, abaxil surface; D, Stipule; E. Portion of leaf, cross section; arrow indicating tertiary veins; F, Portion of leaf, showing trichomes on adaxial surface; G, Portion of leaf, showing trichomes on abaxial surface; H, Rhizome, showing congested … Vibrant green leaves with black tye-dye like markings are suspended on hairy, stalk like petioles. In general, begonias require a well-drained growing medium that is neither constantly wet nor allowed to dry out completely. This plant, also known as Begonia masoniana, is a species of plant from the Begoniaceae family, native to southern China, northern Vietnam, and India. Key Feature of the Origin Begonia 'fireworks' leaves. Begonia larvatais only known from the Zuozhou Town, Jiangzhou District, Chongzuo City, Guangxi, growing on semi-shaded limestone cliff surfaces or steep slopes, at 125–165 m in elevation. Begonia species in China are mostly distributed S of the Chang Jiang, particularly concentrated in SE Yunnan and SW Guangxi, with only a few extending into N China. In cooler climates some species are cultivated outside in summertime for their bright colorful flowers, which have sepals but no petals. (China and Japan, Nakata et al. The different groups of begonias have different cultural requirements, but most species come from tropical regions, so they and their hybrids require warm temperatures. Most species have simple leaves. This is especially true for Chinese Begonia, in which there is a huge diversity of habitat, habit, plant size, leaf type, flower and fruit morphology, and most species are narrowly distributed in isolated habitats that are subject to negative disturbances from climate change, as well as agricultural and industrial activities. 24Pcs 200cm 78.74" Artificial Green Begonia Red Maple Leaf Vines Simulation Ivy Rattan Wall Flower Leaf Vine Green Plant Cane CJ191223 US $19.15 - 21.77 / Piece US $38.29 - 43.54 / Piece [1][2] The species are terrestrial (sometimes epiphytic) herbs or undershrubs, and occur in subtropical and tropical moist climates, in South and Central America, Africa, and southern Asia. It amazes me that they all not properly classified based on leaf formation. Leaf anatomy and vestiture Adaxial surface with scarce multiseriate trichomes (Figure 4A); cross section ca. A wide variety of begonia leaves options are available to you, such as fabric, metal, and plastic. Begonia depingiana also resembles B. pellionioides in pinnate leaf venation, but differs by its shorter plant, tuberous rootstock and densely pinkish-white ciliate ovary. sect. The genus contains more than 1,800 different plant species. Leaf margins are also lined with tiny white hairs. Handcoloured lithograph from Louis van Houtte and Charles Lemaire's Flowers of the Gardens and Hothouses of Europe, Flore des … INTRODUCTION folia and B. subcoriacea were dissected and attached to a stub. More than 31000 plant species have been discovered in China, and Begonia Ferox is one of them. Jiang (Begoniaceae), a new tuberous species from Yunnan, China, is described and illustrated. Climate. Simple leaf blades are peltate and non-peltate, from entire to deeply lobed (Fig. Sometimes called painted-leaf begonias or fancy-leaf begonias, these plants are known for their showy, sometimes jaw-dropping leaf coloration. In China, about 221 species have been recorded according to the Flora of China (Gu et al. Most begonias are easily propagated by division or from stem cuttings. The leaf blade is sparsely covered with long white hairs. The resulting plants will be very small at first, after all. The following phylogenetic tree shows the relationships among sections of the genus Begonia.[3]. The samples were frozen with liquid nitrogen slush, Renowned for … Additionally, laws pertaining to plant protection should be extended to prevent the illegal collection and transaction of wild plants, particularly for those species with unique habitats and small populations. [30] reported a new species from China which has been named as B.pengii S.M.Ku & Yan Lieu. Coelocentrum ; Common Name: The Fierce Begonia; Family: Begoniaceae C.A. The plants are monoecious, with unisexual male and female flowers occurring separately on the same plant; the male contains numerous stamens, and the female has a large inferior ovary and two to four branched or twisted stigmas. This is safe in small amounts but potentially toxic in large quantities due to the prevalence of oxalic acid in the tissues.[21]. 2006) was described from NE Yunnan (Yanjin), where it grows on moist cliffs … Photo about Begonia is taken in a park,chengdu,china. They come from subtropical and tropical areas of South America (Begonia luxurians, Begonia solananthera and Begonia maculata are all from Brazil), Southern Asia, from Nepal to Indo-China (Begonia hatacoa) and central to southern Africa (Begonia sutherlandii). Begonian 57:175. The easiest way to go with this is to use the leaves whole. This type of begonia grows to a height between 6 and 12 inches with a width spanning between 18 and 24 inches. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. During this dormant period, the tubers can be stored in a cool, dry place. The back of the leaf is red. 2004, Notes on the geography of South-East Asian Begonia and species diversity in montane forests, Phylogenetic Relationships of the Afro-Malagasy Members of the Large Genus, Accepted species Plants of the World Online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Begonia&oldid=996182099, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, semperflorens (wax or fibrous rooted begonias), This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 00:25. This has a curly center, almost heart shaped. © 2018 Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Novelties in Begonia sect. Begonias are believed to have originated in Brazil, but some are also found earlier in Mexico and even China. Begonia strigillosa is a rhizomatous species native to Mexico. Based on recent field surveys, the number of begonia species in China is predicted to be between 250 and 300. China is known to be the home of a diverse category of plant families. Sunlight. The iron cross begonia is one of the many plants that have been given the Award for Garden Merit of the … Toggle navigation. The top countries of supplier is China, from which the percentage of rex begonia supply is 100% respectively. Usually have a dormant period, the begonia family and, of course,,... Tubers can be very complex and confusing additional begonia leaf china recently described species as this was... Easily propagated by division or from stem cuttings as ornamental houseplants in cooler climates simple leaf blades peltate... The taste, and some people in some areas eat them dry place Monoecious rhizomatous herb even.... These terms are used simultaneously a stub they all not properly classified based on formation. 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