In this apparatus drum is wounded by the cord externally, is machined to plain aluminum. A cord is wrapped around the perimeter of the brake drum and the free end of the cord terminates with a load hanger. Torque is applied to the brake drum by using the calibrated weights set provided and the load hanger.
Mounted inside the brake drum is a single brake shoe with its own pivot. A second cord connects to the brake shoe again terminates at the load hanger. As the load is applied to the brake shoe so that friction force increases. The student must then add load to the torque hanger to try and rotate the brake drum at near constant speed. The sense of rotation of the torque determines whether the single brake shoe acts as a leading or trailing shoe. Direct comparison of tangential force and braking load is obtained and the coefficient of friction determined.