The Osprey has other adaptations that suit its fish-eating diet: reversible outer toes, long talons, and barbed pads under their toes that help the bird hold on to slippery fish. The osprey has several adaptations that suit its piscivorous lifestyle: The osprey breeds near freshwater lakes and rivers, and sometimes on coastal brackish waters. Their upperparts are dark with pale spots; they have long yellow legs. Zoom in to see how this species’s current range will shift, expand, and contract under increased global temperatures. [23], The juvenile osprey may be identified by buff fringes to the plumage of the upperparts, a buff tone to the underparts, and streaked feathers on the head. We protect birds and the places they need. In the eastern U.S., breeding occurs from Maine to Florida. The typical lifespan is 7–10 years, though rarely individuals can grow to as old as 20–25 years. This spectacular fish-eating bird of prey is an Amber List species because of its historical decline (due to illegal killing) and low breeding numbers. If there are no nesting sites available, young ospreys may be forced to delay breeding. [19], The osprey is 0.9–2.1 kg (2.0–4.6 lb) in weight and 50–66 cm (20–26 in) in length with a 127–180 cm (50–71 in) wingspan. The newly hatched chicks weigh only 50–60 g (1.8–2.1 oz), but fledge in 8–10 weeks. The oldest recognized family Pandionidae fossils have been recovered from the Oligocene age Jebel Qatrani Formation, of Faiyum, Egypt. Osprey, (Pandion haliaetus), large, long-winged hawk, about 65 cm (26 inches) long, that lives along seacoasts and larger interior waterways, where it catches fish. The wing chord measures 38 to 52 cm (15 to 20 in), the tail measures 16.5 to 24 cm (6.5 to 9.4 in) and the tarsus is 5.2–6.6 cm (2.0–2.6 in). Ask Kenn: How Many of the World's Bird Species Have Gone Extinct? The Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy has placed it together with the other diurnal raptors in a greatly enlarged Ciconiiformes, but this results in an unnatural paraphyletic classification. Ro-Ro/Passenger Ship IMO: 9064059. In the poem, the osprey is considered to be an icon of fidelity and harmony between wife and husband, due to its highly monogamous habits. Membership benefits include one year of Audubon magazine and the latest on birds and their habitats. The white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), which is very similar to the bald eagle, may harass or prey on the osprey in Eurasia. See more ideas about osprey, birds of prey, birds. There are four generally recognised subspecies, although differences are small, and ITIS lists only the first two.[3]. [26] In Australia it is mainly sedentary and found patchily around the coastline, though it is a non-breeding visitor to eastern Victoria and Tasmania. But the struggle isn’t over. Type of fish involved varies with region; concentrates on species common in each locale, such as flounder, smelt, mullet, bullhead, sucker, gizzard shad. Along coastlines, lakes, and rivers almost worldwide, the Osprey is often seen flying over the water, hovering, and then plunging feet-first to catch fish in its talons. Though Red-tailed Hawks usually have pale underparts, they’re streaked with brown, particularly across the belly. Closeable nostrils keep water our during dives, and dense, oily plumage keeps feathers from getting waterlogged. It possesses specialised physical characteristics and exhibits unique behaviour to assist in hunting and catching prey. [14] The species name haliaetus comes from Ancient Greek haliaietos ἁλιάετος[15] from hali- ἁλι-, "sea-" and aetos αετός, "eagle". In Buddhism, the osprey is sometimes represented as the "King of Birds", especially in 'The Jātaka: Or, Stories of the Buddha’s Former Births' , no. Visit our online bird guide or download our free Audubon bird guide app to learn about … Once recognized as Endangered or Threatened in many other northeastern states, ospreys have never been listed in Maine. The osprey or more specifically the western osprey (Pandion haliaetus) — also called sea hawk, river hawk, and fish hawk — is a diurnal, fish-eating bird of prey with a cosmopolitan range. Young: Female remains with young most of time at first, sheltering them from sun and rain; male brings fish, female feeds them to young. Breeding occurs from Maine to Florida you the latest programs and initiatives slender, with a dark brown their! And tropical regions of all continents except Antarctica designs on t-shirts, posters red osprey bird! A fish supper 1809. [ 53 ] once recognized as Endangered or Threatened in many other northeastern states ospreys. White head and underparts ; dark brown back together, with Cathartidae, Sagittariidae Accipitridae... 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