Refrigeration systems and heat pumps only differ in the definition of their use, but can be of the same design. For example, goods can be refrigerated in a supermarket and the store heated with the waste heat. The store can also be cooled with the same system in the summer.

With this trainer cooling and heating operation can be investigated. Different operating modes can be selected based on air to water heat pump.

The refrigeration circuit with compressor and condenser (heat exchanger with fan) includes two evaporators with fans (refrigeration stage and freezing stage) and thermostatic expansion valves. The two evaporators can be connected in parallel or in series. For the connection in series the capillary tube serves as expansion element for the refrigeration stage evaporator. The refrigerant circuit is connected to a glycol-water circuit via a coaxial coil heat exchanger. Via solenoid valves the coaxial coil heat exchanger can be switched as an evaporator or condenser. Thus the glycol-water mixture in the tank can be heated or cooled. In pure cooling operation (without heating function) the heat exchanger with fan as air-cooled condenser dissipates the heat. This heat exchanger can be also switched as an evaporator.

Technical Data

Compressor

  • Refrigeration capacity: 1560W at 5/40°C
  • Power consumption: 759W

Heat exchanger with fan

  • Transfer area: 1.1m2
  • Volumetric air flow rate: 525m3/h

Evaporators with fan

  • Refrigeration stage transfer area: 1.1m2,
  • volumetric air flow rate: 65m3/h
  • Freezing stage transfer area: 3.1m2
  • volumetric air flow rate: 105m3/h
  • Refrigerant: R134A

 Measuring ranges

  • Temperature: 5x -100~400°C
  • Pressure: 2x -1~16bar, 1x 0~24bar

Experiments

  • Design, operation and key components of a heat pump or refrigeration system
  • Representation of the thermodynamic cycle in the p-h diagram
  • Comparing different operating modes
  • Measurement of compressor capacity and heating or cooling capacity in the glycol-water circuit
  • Determination of
    •        efficiency
    •        coefficient of performance of heat pump and refrigeration system
    •         specific compressor load
    •        compressor pressure ratio
    •        specific cooling capacity
    •        specific refrigeration capacity
  • Comparing key figures of heat pump and refrigeration system
  • Demonstration of the operation of air-to-water heat pump for cooling or heating.

Specification

  • Different operating modes selectable via solenoid valves (air/water heat pump for cooling and heating)
  • Refrigeration circuit with compressor, condenser (heat exchanger with fan), 2 evaporators with fan (refrigeration and freezing stage)
  • Glycol-water circuit with tank, pump and coaxial coil heat exchanger
  • Coaxial coil heat exchanger and heat exchanger with fan can both be used as condenser or evaporator in the refrigeration circuit
  • 1 thermostatic expansion valve each for all heat exchangers and evaporators
  • 1 additional evaporation pressure controller and 1 capillary tube for the refrigeration stage evaporator
  • Displays for temperature, pressure, flow rate and power consumption of the compressor
  • Piping and valves of stainless steel (where necessary)
  • Safety devices and control for protection of system
  • Emergency push button
  • Autonomous pilot unit with computerized control software
  • UPS with significant backup to shut down the plant in the event of a power outage
  • Computer system for the Acquisition of data from plant
  • Data acquisition via USB under Window
  • Spares will be supplied for smooth operation for the period of 1 year.
  • The unit will be provided with all required accessories for smooth running, gases with cylinders (where required), calibration kits (if required), installation & after-sale services, maintenance services and operational manuals.