Solar thermal systems convert solar energy into usable thermal energy. This section of the apparatus allows you to demonstrate solar thermal heating of domestic water in an illustrative manner. A lighting unit simulates natural solar radiation and allows a range of experiments to be carried out in the laboratory. The light is converted into heat in an absorber and transferred to a heat transfer fluid and the light can also use to charge a battery using a solar panel.
A pump conveys the heat transfer fluid through a hot water tank. The heat is released to the water by an integrated heat exchanger in the tank. This apparatus can be used to study a variety of angles of incidence and different illuminance. The pre-installed absorber with selective coating can be replaced with a more simple blackened absorber, so as to obtain comparative measurements of collector losses. External heat consumers can be attached to the tank via two connectors. The apparatus also comes with a solar panel to convert the energy of light into electrical energy. The trainer is fitted with sensors to detect the relevant temperatures (collector inlet, collector outlet, ambient air, and tank) and illuminance.
The measured values are displayed on the device and can simultaneously be transferred to a PC via USB or Ethernet if the DAQ option is selected (DAQ optional). Using the PC, the data can be clearly displayed in the software provided and analyzed further (optional).