• Multiple loading of metal specimens using combined torsion and bending
    •  determination of the yield point
    • checking the direct stress hypothesis
    • checking the shear stress hypothesis


  • Bench top unit for checking equivalent strain hypotheses from materials science
  • Multiple axis specimen loading in bending or torsion, or a combination of both
  • Compensation for the effect of dead weight
  • Specimen length 49mm, free clamping length 11.5mm
  • Specimen diameter Ø4mm
  • Load moment 0…3.8Nm, graduations 0.1Nm
  • Deformation measured with dial gauge
  • Specimens made of steel, copper, brass and aluminum

This test unit enables various equivalent stress hypotheses from materials science to be checked experimentally. Specimens made of different metals can be placed in a state of stress in several axes. A circular shaped load plate is used as a lever for the load moment, loading is applied by attaching weights to the circumference of the plate. The specimen is clamped in the center of the plate using clamping levers. Via the defined points for the application of force, combined bending and torsion loading is generated. The angular position of the load weight can be moved in 10o steps. The deformation is measured diametrically opposite the points where the force is applied, that is at the point of maximum deflection. In this way the measurement error due to the deformation under load of the test apparatus is minimized. Compensation for the dead weight of the plate and compensation for the load weight ensure specimen loading is free of transverse forces.